Gut health is the foundation of overall well-being, yet many remain unaware of its crucial role. Have you heard of gut dysbiosis? It’s a term that refers to an imbalance in the microbial communities within our intestines, and it’s more common than you might think. With symptoms ranging from digestive disturbances to unexpected issues like anxiety—yes, the state of our gut can influence our mental well-being via the gut-brain axis—it’s clear that understanding this condition is of utmost importance.

In this guide, we’ll delve deep into the world of gut health, providing clear insights into symptoms, causes, and natural treatments for gut dysbiosis. By the end, not only will you be well-versed in this topic, but you’ll also discover actionable steps, rooted in the ancient wisdom of Ayurveda, to restore balance and harmony within your digestive system. Dive in, and let’s journey together towards optimal health.

Understanding Gut Dysbiosis: An Overview

A healthy gut microbiota is one where beneficial bacteria outnumber harmful ones. These ‘good’ bacteria help digest food, produce vital vitamins, and fend off harmful pathogens. On the flip side, ‘bad’ bacteria, while a normal part of our microbiota, can cause issues when they overgrow and outcompete the beneficial species.

Gut dysbiosis is a condition that occurs when there’s an imbalance between the beneficial and harmful species of bacteria in our gut. Our digestive system is home to trillions of microorganisms, collectively known as the gut microbiota. These tiny residents play a critical role in our overall health, aiding in digestion, nutrient absorption, immune function, and even influencing our mood and mental wellbeing.

The Three Types of Dysbiosis

There are essentially three types of gut dysbiosis:

  1. Loss of beneficial organisms: This occurs when there is a significant reduction in beneficial bacteria, compromising the gut’s ability to fight off pathogens and maintain overall health
  2. Overgrowth of potentially harmful organisms: Here, harmful bacteria, fungi, or parasites overgrow, outnumbering beneficial bacteria, and potentially causing various health issues such as SIBO
  3. Loss of overall microbial diversity: This is marked by a decrease in the variety of microbial species in the gut. Diversity is key to a healthy gut as different microbes perform different functions

Understanding gut dysbiosis and the crucial role of a balanced microbiota is the first step towards better gut health. As we move forward, we will delve deeper into the symptoms, causes, and most importantly, how to treat gut dysbiosis naturally, helping you reclaim your health and wellbeing.

Gut Dysbiosis Symptoms

Gut dysbiosis can lead to inflammation in the gut lining, causing it to become permeable, a condition commonly referred to as ‘leaky gut.’ When this happens, bacteria, toxins, and partially digested food particles can escape into the bloodstream, triggering an immune response and widespread inflammation. This can lead to a variety of health issues, from food sensitivities and autoimmune diseases to mental health disorders.

Early Signs of Gut Dysfunction

Gut dysbiosis symptoms can manifest in a multitude of ways, making it tricky to identify without professional medical advice. However, certain signs may hint towards an imbalance in your gut microbiota. These include:

  1. Digestive issues: This could range from bloating, gas, and abdominal pain to more severe symptoms like diarrhea, constipation, or symptoms related to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
  2. Mood disorders: Feelings of anxiety, depression, or mood swings can also be a sign of gut dysbiosis due to the intimate connection between the gut and the brain.
  3. Skin problems: Conditions such as eczema, acne, and rosacea may be linked to an imbalanced gut microbiota.
  4. Fatigue: Persistent, unexplained fatigue might indicate gut dysbiosis.
  5. Weakened Immunity: Recurrent infections or illnesses can also signal a dysbiotic gut, as a significant part of our immune system resides in our gut.

Recognizing the symptoms of gut dysbiosis is a crucial step in addressing the issue. By understanding your body’s signals, you can take the necessary steps towards restoring balance in your gut and reclaiming your health.

The Role of Gut-Brain Axis and Anxiety in Gut Dysbiosis

The gut-brain axis is a complex, bidirectional communication network that links your central nervous system (mainly the brain) with the enteric nervous system (the ‘brain of the gut’). This connection isn’t just physical through the vagus nerve, but also biochemical, with hormones, neurotransmitters, and even gut bacteria playing pivotal roles.

The gut-brain axis ensures the smooth functioning of digestion, absorption, and gut motility. But its influence doesn’t stop there; it also impacts mood, mental health, and behavior. This is why our gut is often referred to as our ‘second brain’.

Gut Dysbiosis and Anxiety: The Connection

Ever felt ‘butterflies’ in your stomach when you’re nervous or had ‘gut feelings’ about something? This is the gut-brain axis in action. When gut dysbiosis occurs, the gut-brain axis can get disrupted. This may lead to various mental health issues such as anxiety and depression.

A dysbiotic gut can alter the levels of certain neurotransmitters that regulate mood. For instance, a majority of the body’s serotonin (a neurotransmitter known as the ‘happy hormone’) is produced in the gut. An imbalance in gut bacteria can disrupt serotonin production, possibly leading to mood disorders like anxiety.

The Impact of Gut Dysbiosis on Mental Health

Besides anxiety, gut dysbiosis has been linked to a range of mental health conditions including depression, mood disorders, and even neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Research is ongoing, but it’s clear that the health of our gut microbiota has a profound impact on our mental wellbeing.

The understanding of the gut-brain axis and its role in mental health has opened up new possibilities for treating gut dysbiosis and related mental health issues. This includes using probiotics and changes in diet to alter the gut microbiota, thereby potentially improving mental health symptoms.

By recognizing the crucial role the gut-brain axis plays in both gut health and mental health, we can better address the complexities of gut dysbiosis and its broader impacts on our wellbeing.

Triggers and Causes of Gut Dysbiosis

Several factors can disturb the delicate balance of the gut microbiota, leading to gut dysbiosis. These include:

  1. Antibiotics and other medications: While antibiotics are vital in fighting infections, they can also harm beneficial gut bacteria, leading to dysbiosis. Other medications like proton pump inhibitors and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can also disrupt the gut microbiota.
  2. Stress: Chronic physical or psychological stress can negatively impact the balance of gut bacteria.
  3. Lifestyle: Sedentary behavior, inadequate sleep, and substance misuse can all contribute to gut dysbiosis.
  4. Infections and illnesses: Certain diseases and infections can alter the gut microbiota, causing dysbiosis.
  5. Unhealthy diet: Your diet plays a significant role in maintaining the balance of your gut microbiota. Diets high in processed foods, sugars, unhealthy fats, and low in fiber can lead to an overgrowth of potentially harmful bacteria, causing gut dysbiosis.

Understanding the triggers and causes of gut dysbiosis is a crucial step in addressing and preventing this condition. By recognizing these factors, we can take proactive steps towards maintaining a balanced gut microbiota, thereby protecting our overall health and wellbeing.

Gut Dysbiosis Diagnosis

Identifying gut dysbiosis can be a bit of a puzzle, given that its symptoms often overlap with other health issues. However, specific tests can help pinpoint if dysbiosis is at the root of your concerns.

  1. Stool Testing: This is the most common method for identifying gut dysbiosis. Stool tests provide information on the species and quantity of bacteria present in your gut, allowing for a precise diagnosis.
  2. Organic Acid Testing: This type of test measures the by-products of metabolic processes in your urine. Some of these by-products can be traced back to gut bacteria, providing an indirect way to evaluate gut health.
  3. Breath Testing: This test is often used to diagnose conditions like small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), which is a type of gut dysbiosis. Patients consume a specialized sugar solution and then their breath is analyzed over several hours to measure levels of hydrogen and methane, which are produced by gut bacteria.

What to Do if Tests Confirm Dysbiosis

If test results confirm dysbiosis, it’s essential to work with a healthcare provider to create a personalized treatment plan. This may involve dietary changes, lifestyle modifications, probiotics, prebiotics, or specific medications.

At Medhya Herbals, we offer a holistic approach to gut health, incorporating Ayurvedic herbs, diet, and lifestyle recommendations. Our approach is rooted in natural healing traditions, providing support and balance to your gut microbiota. Remember, the road to gut health may be a journey, but it’s one worth taking for the benefits to your overall wellbeing.

Ayurvedic View on Gut Dysbiosis

In Ayurveda, gut health is of paramount importance. The gut is considered the seat of Agni (digestive fire), responsible for converting food into energy and essential nutrients. A balanced Agni is crucial for overall health and vitality.

Gut dysbiosis, although not named as such in ancient texts, can be understood in terms of an imbalanced Agni and the accumulation of Ama (toxins). When the Agni is weak or disturbed, it results in the incomplete digestion of food, leading to the formation of Ama, which is sticky, heavy, and can block channels in the body. This Ama becomes a breeding ground for harmful pathogens, akin to the harmful bacteria in the concept of gut dysbiosis.

Dosha Imbalance and Gut Health

Dosha Imbalances and Gut Health: Ayurveda classifies body types and imbalances into three primary doshas: Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Gut dysbiosis can manifest differently based on which dosha is most aggravated:

  • Vata Dominant Dysbiosis: Characterized by gas, bloating, constipation, and irregular bowel movements.
  • Pitta Dominant Dysbiosis: Symptoms include acidity, heartburn, inflammatory conditions, and loose stools.
  • Kapha Dominant Dysbiosis: This can manifest as sluggishness, excess mucus, weight gain, and feelings of heaviness.

Gut Dysbiosis Treatment in Ayurveda

At Medhya Herbals, we believe in the power of nature to heal, rejuvenate, and restore balance. We take a holistic and individualized approach to health, understanding that each person is unique and so too are their health needs.

When treating gut dysbiosis, we focus on nurturing the gut microbiota back to health naturally, using a combination of dietary advice, lifestyle modifications, and our specially formulated Ayurvedic remedies.

Ayurvedic Herbs for Treating Dysbiosis

Ayurveda offers a rich array of herbs and formulations that have been used for centuries to balance the digestive system and address conditions akin to gut dysbiosis. Here are some of the most prominent Ayurvedic herbs used for treating imbalances in the gut:

  1. Triphala: Often referred to as the “three fruits,” Triphala is a combination of Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Bibhitaki (Terminalia bellirica), and Haritaki (Terminalia chebula). It’s known for its gentle detoxifying properties, ability to rejuvenate the digestive tract, and maintain regular bowel movements. It also helps in cleansing the colon and improving nutrient absorption.
  2. Ginger (Zingiber officinale): Revered as a universal medicine in Ayurveda, ginger has potent digestive stimulant properties. It aids in promoting the secretion of digestive enzymes, reducing bloating, and alleviating gas.
  3. Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra): This sweet root is soothing for the gut lining and has anti-inflammatory properties. It’s often used for conditions like gastritis and acid reflux and can help balance the mucosal environment in the intestines.
  4. Cumin (Cuminum cyminum): Cumin seeds assist in digestive enzyme production, help reduce gas and bloating, and support nutrient absorption. They also have antimicrobial properties that can assist in addressing imbalances in gut flora.
  5. Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare): Another carminative herb, fennel, is used to relieve bloating, gas, and spasms in the digestive tract. Its sweet and cooling properties make it particularly useful for balancing excessive Pitta in the gut.
  6. Turmeric (Curcuma longa): With its vibrant golden hue, turmeric is renowned for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Curcumin, its active ingredient, helps soothe intestinal walls and combat inflammation, making it useful for conditions like inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
  7. Amla or Indian Gooseberry (Emblica officinalis): Apart from being a key component of Triphala, Amla on its own is a potent digestive tonic. Rich in Vitamin C, it helps balance stomach acid, improve nutrient absorption, and enhance overall gut immunity.

The Role of Panchakarma

Panchakarma, a series of detoxifying and rejuvenating therapies, can be particularly beneficial for those with severe gut imbalances. These therapies cleanse the body of accumulated toxins and restore the balance of the doshas.

When it comes to using Ayurvedic herbs and panchkarma, it’s essential to consider one’s unique constitution or Prakriti and the nature of the imbalance. Ayurveda emphasizes individualized treatment, so consulting with an Ayurvedic practitioner is highly recommended to ensure the most effective and tailored approach to addressing gut dysbiosis.

Dietary Recommendations

In Ayurveda, diet plays a pivotal role in maintaining gut balance. Some general guidelines are:

  • Eating According to One’s Dosha: Vata, Pitta, and Kapha types each have specific dietary needs. For instance, Vata types benefit from warm, moist foods, while Pitta types thrive on cool, soothing foods.
  • Favoring Cooked Over Raw: Cooked foods are generally easier to digest and are less likely to aggravate the digestive system.
  • Including Six Tastes: Ayurveda suggests a balanced meal incorporates six tastes – sweet, sour, salty, bitter, pungent, and astringent. This ensures comprehensive nutrient intake and supports digestion.

Lifestyle Practices for Gut Health

Beyond diet and herbs, Ayurveda emphasizes the importance of daily routines and practices to bolster gut health:

  • Dinacharya (Daily Routine): Having a regular daily routine, including consistent meal times, supports a balanced Agni.
  • Avoiding Overeating: Ayurveda recommends consuming food only when the previous meal has been digested, to prevent overburdening the digestive system.
  • Diet: Consuming a diet rich in fiber, fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and healthy fats can foster a diverse and healthy gut microbiota.
  • Probiotics and prebiotics: These beneficial bacteria and the fibers that feed them can help re-establish a healthy gut microbiota.
  • Stress management: Practices such as yoga, meditation, and breathing exercises can reduce stress, a known disruptor of gut health.
  • Exercise: Regular physical activity can enhance the diversity and health of the gut microbiota.

Recognizing Signs of a Healing Gut

Just as there are symptoms of gut dysbiosis, there are also signs that your gut is healing. Improvement in digestion and reduction in bloating or abdominal discomfort can be an early indicator of your gut returning to normal. Enhancements in mood, energy levels, and skin health also suggest that your gut microbiota is regaining its balance.

However, it’s important to remember that everyone’s gut healing journey will look different, and progress might be slow. Consulting a healthcare provider or a specialist in gut health can give you more personalized advice and reassurance.


Gut dysbiosis is an imbalance in the microbiota within your gut, a condition that can cause a variety of uncomfortable symptoms and health complications. Living with the consequences of gut dysbiosis can be challenging, and finding effective, lasting relief can sometimes feel like an uphill battle. Yet, it’s important to remember that you’re not alone in this journey.

At Medhya Herbals, we understand your struggle. Our team of expert Ayurvedic doctors are here to help, ready to work closely with you to create a personalized treatment plan. Our holistic, Ayurvedic approach seeks to address the root cause of your gut dysbiosis, rather than simply suppressing symptoms. Through dietary changes, lifestyle modifications, and specially-formulated Ayurvedic remedies, we aim to restore your gut health and provide you with long-lasting relief.

You don’t have to navigate this journey alone. Reach out to us, schedule a consultation, and let’s begin the process of healing your gut naturally. With our guidance and your determination, we can work together to restore balance to your gut microbiota and enhance your overall well-being. Remember, every step you take towards better gut health is a step towards a healthier, happier you.


How Long Does It Take for Probiotics to Restore Gut Health?

The restoration of gut health using probiotics varies among individuals based on their unique gut microbiome, the severity of their gut dysbiosis, and their overall health and diet. Typically, while some people may start to notice improvements in digestive function and well-being within a few days of taking probiotics, for others it can take several weeks or even months to observe noticeable changes. It’s essential to be patient and consistent, as rebuilding a healthy and diverse gut microbiota is a gradual process. Combining probiotics with prebiotic-rich foods and a balanced diet can further optimize results and support a thriving gut ecosystem.

Best Probiotics for Dysbiosis

Probiotics play a crucial role in our approach to treating gut dysbiosis. We have carefully selected specific strains known for their gut health benefits. These strains can help restore balance to the gut microbiota, reduce inflammation, and improve overall gut function. Our selection includes Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidobacterium bifidum, and Saccharomyces boulardii among others, depending on individual needs. These probiotics, coupled with our Ayurvedic herbal remedies, provide a holistic, natural approach to healing gut dysbiosis and restoring gut health.

Probiotics for Treating Gut Dysbiosis

Probiotics are ‘good’ bacteria that, when consumed in adequate amounts, confer health benefits. They can help restore the balance of the gut microbiota, enhancing digestion, nutrient absorption, and immune function. Probiotics can also compete with harmful bacteria for nutrients and space, inhibit their growth, and even enhance the gut barrier function. This makes them an essential component of natural strategies to treat gut dysbiosis.

How long does dysbiosis take to heal?

The duration required to heal gut dysbiosis varies greatly among individuals based on the severity of their imbalance, their overall health, dietary habits, and the treatments or interventions applied. Generally, minor imbalances might see improvement within a few weeks of dietary changes and targeted treatments. However, more severe or chronic cases of dysbiosis can take several months or even longer to fully resolve. It’s essential to understand that healing the gut is a gradual process, often requiring consistent dietary adjustments, the introduction of beneficial bacteria through probiotics, and sometimes herbal or medical interventions to restore a healthy microbial balance.

What happens if dysbiosis is left untreated?

If dysbiosis is left untreated, the imbalance in the gut microbiota can lead to a cascade of health issues. Over time, the overgrowth of harmful bacteria can compromise the gut barrier, leading to conditions like leaky gut syndrome, where undigested food particles and toxins can enter the bloodstream. This can trigger systemic inflammation, which is linked to a myriad of health conditions including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), autoimmune diseases, allergies, chronic fatigue, mood disorders, and even certain types of cancers. Additionally, unchecked dysbiosis can disrupt nutrient absorption and synthesis, leading to deficiencies and further deteriorating overall health.

Is dysbiosis an inflammation?

Dysbiosis is not inflammation in itself, but rather an imbalance in the microbial community within the gut. However, dysbiosis can be a significant contributor to inflammation. When harmful bacteria or pathogens overpopulate the gut, they can compromise the intestinal barrier, leading to a condition often termed “leaky gut.” This allows undigested food particles, toxins, and bacteria to enter the bloodstream, triggering an immune response and, consequently, inflammation. Thus, while dysbiosis is not synonymous with inflammation, it is closely linked to inflammatory processes within the body.

What are the symptoms of low good bacteria in the gut?

Low levels of beneficial bacteria in the gut can manifest in a variety of symptoms, often disrupting digestive function and overall well-being. Common symptoms include frequent gas, bloating, diarrhea or constipation, food intolerances or sensitivities, bad breath, vitamin and mineral deficiencies due to poor absorption, a weakened immune system leading to frequent infections or illnesses, chronic fatigue, skin issues like eczema or rosacea, and even mood fluctuations or cognitive disturbances due to the gut-brain connection. The presence of these symptoms suggests an imbalance in the gut microbiome, with a potential deficiency in health-promoting bacteria.


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About the Author

Dr. Pawan Bansal (Ayurveda Acharya)

Namaskar! I am a registered Medical Practitioner with more than 40 years of experience in Ayurvedic and Herbal treatment. Ayurvedic principles allow us to awaken the incredible physician within our body, help us to attain our potential, to perform, and to heal naturally.
Some areas in which I have successfully applied Ayurvedic medicine – Cysts, PCOS, Obesity, Fibroids, Infertility, Chronic Digestive Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders such as ​Thyroiditis, IBS, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Joint Pain, Inflammation, Chronic Cough, and Sinusitis.

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